How to Tell the Difference Between Flying Ants & Termites

Termite colony

Have you ever stumbled upon winged insects swarming around your home and found yourself scratching your head, wondering if they’re flying ants or termites? You’re not alone! Many homeowners face this dilemma, as these two pests can appear quite similar. But they differ significantly in behavior, habitat, and the threats they pose.

Background on Flying Ants and Termites

Flying ants, also known as alates or swarmers, are reproductive ants that leave their nests to find a mate and establish a new colony. They can be found in various species of ants and play an essential role in the expansion of their colonies. Termites, on the other hand, are wood-destroying insects that feed on cellulose found in wood, causing significant damage to homes and structures over time. While both pests have their roles in the ecosystem, it’s crucial to differentiate between them when it comes to protecting your property.

Physical Differences

  1. Body shape: One of the most noticeable differences between flying ants and termites is their body shape. Flying ants have a distinct, narrow waist, creating a segmented appearance, whereas termites have a more uniform, tubular body shape without a noticeable waist.
  2. Wings: Both flying ants and termites possess two pairs of wings, but the size and shape of their wings differ. Termites have wings of roughly equal length that are longer than their bodies, whereas flying ants have a longer front pair and a shorter back pair, with the wings being approximately the same length as their bodies.
  3. Antennae: The antennae of flying ants are elbowed, giving them a bent appearance, while termite antennae are straight and bead-like, resembling a string of pearls.
  4. Color: Termites typically range from a creamy-white to a brownish hue, while flying ants can vary from black to reddish-brown, depending on the species.

Behavioral Differences

  1. Swarming patterns: Termites often swarm after rain, when the humidity is high while flying ants prefer warm, sunny days with low wind. This difference in swarming patterns can provide a clue as to which pest you’re dealing with.
  2. Mating habits: Flying ants engage in nuptial flights, where they mate mid-air before the females go on to establish new colonies. In contrast, termites mate on the ground after shedding their wings, with the new queen and king working together to create a colony.
  3. Nesting preferences: Termites build their colonies within their food sources, such as wood, and create a network of tunnels for easy access. Ants, however, build nests in various locations like soil, tree cavities, or even within walls, creating intricate tunnel systems.
  4. Feeding habits: While termites feed primarily on wood and other cellulose-containing materials, flying ants have a more diverse diet, which may include other insects, seeds, or sugary substances.

Signs of Infestation

Flying ants:

  • Discarded wings near windows or doors, which are left behind after mating
  • Ant trails leading to and from the nest
  • Small piles of excavated soil near the nest entrance


  • Mud tubes along walls, foundation, or wood, which provide shelter and moisture for termites
  • Wood damage, such as hollowed-out wood with maze-like patterns
  • Piles of frass (termite droppings) near infested wood

Importance of Accurate Identification

Misidentifying these pests can lead to ineffective treatments and exacerbate the problem. Termites, in particular, can cause severe structural damage if left unchecked, resulting in costly repairs. Thus, accurate identification is critical for implementing proper control measures and preventing further damage.

Prevention and Control Measures

Maintain your home

Ensure that your home is well-maintained and free from wood-to-ground contact. Repair damaged wood and replace it with termite-resistant materials when possible.

Seal entry points

Seal any cracks and crevices in your home’s foundation, walls, and around windows and doors to prevent pests from entering.

Reduce moisture

Termites and ants both thrive in moist environments. Keep gutters and downspouts clean, repair leaky pipes, and use dehumidifiers in damp areas of your home.

Eliminate food sources

Store firewood away from your home and remove any decaying wood or tree stumps from your property.

Regular inspections

Conduct periodic inspections of your home for signs of infestations, paying close attention to the foundation, crawl spaces, and wooden structures.

Professional help

If you suspect an infestation, contact a professional pest control company for an assessment and appropriate treatment.

Long-term Management Strategies


Keep vegetation, including bushes and trees, well-trimmed and away from your home’s foundation to reduce hiding spots and easy access for pests.


Install termite monitoring stations around your property to detect their presence early on and prevent extensive damage.

Soil treatment

Consider having a professional pest control company apply a termite barrier treatment to the soil around your home, creating a long-lasting protective barrier.

Scheduled maintenance

Develop a maintenance schedule with your pest control provider to keep your home protected and stay informed about any changes in pest activity.

Contact the Pros If You Need Help

Regular inspections and maintenance, along with the help of a professional pest control company, will ensure your home remains safe and pest-free. Stay vigilant, and don’t hesitate to reach out to Pure Pest for expert assistance if you have any doubts or concerns.